What is Feline Immunodeficiency Virus?
Immunodeficiency Virus or FIV (also known as feline AIDS), passes from
cat to cat through bite wounds. The virus is present in the saliva.
Once bitten and the virus is transmitted it infects the cells,
replicates and spreads throughout the body.
FIV can also be transmitted by an infected mother to her kittens through nursing.
Unlike Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV), FIV does not appear to be spread by casual contact.
all cats exposed to FIV will become ill. It is possible for your cat to
test positive for the FIV antibody without showing any signs of
illness. Some cats can effectively ‘fight off’ the virus, but will
still show a positive test result. Others will harbor the virus for
years before symptoms become visible.
Symptoms for the FIV positive cat who becomes ill can
vary greatly; but the most common are:
• Severe Gingivitis (gum disease)
• Frequent and recurring skin, bladder and respiratory infections
• Poor coat condition
• Weight Loss
is primarily supportive care; antibiotics for the recurring infections,
fluid therapy, steroids and even blood transfusions. There is no “cure”
for FIV and it is eventually fatal.
While a vaccine is now available to protect against this disease, it is controversial as to how effective it is..
• Lifecare Program
• Immunizations for Cats
• Immunizations for Dogs